https://ojs.ukb.ac.id/index.php/Jk/issue/feed JURNAL KESEHATAN TERAPAN 2024-02-15T01:18:14+00:00 Sri Hartini Febrilia srihf02@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>Jurnal<strong> Kesehatan Terapan</strong> merupakan Jurnal yang di terbitkan oleh Universitas Kader Bangsa yang terbit 2 kali dalam setahun yaitu pada bulan Januari dan Juli dengan Nomor <strong>p-ISSN 2356-0142</strong> serta <strong>e-ISSN 2776-5091</strong>. Redaksi menerima Naskah berupa artikel hasil penelitian, kajian maupun pemikiran kritis, isu-isu dalam lingkup bidang kesehatan seperti Kesehatan Masyarakat, Kebidanan, Keperawatan<strong>,</strong> Farmasi, Laboratorium Medis, Radiologi dan Refraksi Optisi.</p> https://ojs.ukb.ac.id/index.php/Jk/article/view/727 Analisa Klorin Pada Beras yang Beredar di Pasar Induk Jakabaring Kota Palembang 2023 2024-02-10T14:45:52+00:00 Muslimin Muslimin Muslimin.mkim@gmail.com J Sigalingging Muslimin.mkim@gmail.com Susiyanti Susiyanti Muslimin.mkim@gmail.com Anggia Primasari Muslimin.mkim@gmail.com Irzanita Irzanita Muslimin.mkim@gmail.com Ferry Freska Muslimin.mkim@gmail.com <p><em>This research aims to carry out chlorine analysis in rice circulating at the Jakabaring Main Market, Palembang City, in 2023. Chlorine, a chemical element that is generally used as a disinfectant, has the potential to become a contaminant in rice that can affect human health if it is present in excessive amounts. . With the Jakabaring Main Market as the focus of the research, we collected rice samples from various producers to analyze the chlorine content and identify potential sources of contamination. The analytical method involves the use of Qualitative Method techniques, to determine the chlorine concentration in the rice samples. rice processing from producers was also collected to understand potential sources of chlorine. It is hoped that the results of this research will provide an in-depth understanding of the level of chlorine contamination in rice at the Jakabaring Main Market, as well as identifying factors that contribute to this contamination. These findings can provide a basis for manufacturers, governments and food regulatory authorities to take necessary actions to improve food safety and public health</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2024-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ojs.ukb.ac.id/index.php/Jk/article/view/744 Hubungan Perilaku Merokok Dengan Kejadian Infeksi Saluran Pernafasan Akut (ISPA) Pada Balita Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Plaju Kota Palembang 2024-02-06T01:13:12+00:00 M Nabil nabil.alkaff@ymail.com Rico Januar rico_januar@fkm.unsri.ac.id Rima Ernia rimaernia30@gmail.com Dina Renada Viranada dinabjm123456@gmail.com <p>Acute Respiratory Tract Infection is a disease of the upper and lower respiratory tract which can usually be contagious and can even cause death, this depends on environmental factors and host factors. The aim of the research was to determine smoking behavior factors related to the incidence of ISPA in toddlers in the work area of the Plaju Health Center, Palembang City. This type of research uses a quantitative analytical method using a cross sectional approach. The population in this study were all mothers who had toddlers aged 1-5 years, namely 253 toddlers. Sampling used accident sampling of 80 respondents. Statistical analysis uses the Chi Square test with questionnaires and interviews. Based on the research results, it shows that there is a relationship between family members' smoking behavior (p= 0.004), use of mosquito coils (p= 0.001), humidity (p= 0.011), lighting (p= 0.008) and house ventilation (p= 0.007) with the incidence of ARI. in toddlers. It is hoped that Puskesmas officers will increase their role in providing education to the community so that they can avoid smoking behavior, especially among parents who have toddlers, so that the incidence of ISPA can be reduced</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ojs.ukb.ac.id/index.php/Jk/article/view/747 Determinan Kejadian Infeksi Saluran Pernafasan Akut (ISPA) di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sukajadi Kota Prabumulih 2024-02-06T05:09:31+00:00 Ririn Noviyanti Putri ririnnoviyanti95@gmail.com Dina Nofarika ririnnoviyanti95@gmail.com Rima Ernia ririnnoviyanti95@gmail.com Rian Saputra ririnnoviyanti95@gmail.com Medy Purwanto ririnnoviyanti95@gmail.com <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In countries that are still experiencing development, such as Indonesia, ISPA is one of the main causes of death in children. Extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors are related to the occurrence of ARI. The aim of this research is to look at the factors that can influence the incidence of ISPA in toddlers in the Sukajadi Prabumulih Community Health Center Working Area. The research design uses a cross-sectional study with observational analysis. The total sample was 79 mothers who had toddlers aged 24-59 months seeking treatment at the Sukajadi Health Center, Prabumulih City, while the data collection method was purposive sampling. Research findings show that there is a relationship between the incidence of ISPA in toddlers in the Sukajadi Community Health Center Working Area, Prabumulih City and maternal education, employment, income and maternal knowledge. The end of the research is to provide evidence for a conclusion that will enable the community health center to improve its current level of service and take a more proactive approach in providing counseling and educating about ARI in toddlers.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2024-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ojs.ukb.ac.id/index.php/Jk/article/view/730 Analisis Perilaku Merokok, Dampak Kesehatan dan Strategi Pengendalian Tembakau 2024-02-07T05:49:38+00:00 Harris Siagian harris.siagian@saskarastrategik.biz.id Lazuardi Imran harris.siagian@saskarastrategik.biz.id Ninin Nirawaty perwitasari91@gmail.com Imelda Diana M perwitasari91@gmail.com Perwitasari Perwitasari perwitasari91@gmail.com <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Indonesia adalah salah satu negara dengan tingkat merokok tertinggi di dunia. Sistem kesehatan nasional di Indonesia melaporkan defisit keuangan yang signifikan karena penyakit terkait tembakau seperti stroke, penyakit jantung iskemik, diabetes, kanker, hingga kematian dini. Meskipun kebijakan pengendalian tembakau berhasil menurunkan perokok remaja, namun tingkat perilaku merokok usia dewasa semakin meningkat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik perilaku merokok dan persepsi terhadap dampak kesehatan dari rokok konvensional, rokok elektrik dan heated-tobacco products (HTP), serta mengetahui alternatif strategi untuk mengendalikan penggunaan tembakau. Penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif dengan metode deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross-sectional pada bulan Maret 2022 - Juni 2023 di Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya, Semarang dan Makassar. Sampel penelitian yaitu perokok aktif sebanyak 750 responden yang direkrut dengan metode cluster dan random sampling. Jumlah perokok aktif dari tiga jenis rokok didominasi oleh kelompok laki-laki yaitu lebih dari 80% responden pada setiap kategori rokok. Dari ketiga jenis rokok, keluhan minimal paling banyak dirasakan oleh pengguna HTP (72%). Keluhan pengguna rokok konvensional meliputi batuk (21%), kelelahan (14%), sesak napas (24%), disfungsi penciuman (2%), sakit tenggorokan (17%), sedangkan keluhan pusing (9%), mual (10%) dan hilang napsu makan (7%) paling sering ditemui pada pengguna rokok elektrik. Rokok memiliki konsekuensi negative jangka pendek dan jangka panjang terhadap kesehatan sehingga strategi harm reduction perlu dipertimbangkan sebagai upaya preventif dan promotif. Rokok HTP memiliki potensi sebagai alternatif untuk mengendalikan penggunaan tembakau.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2024-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ojs.ukb.ac.id/index.php/Jk/article/view/751 Hubungan Teknik Menyusui dengan Kejadian Mastitis Pada Ibu Nifas di Klinik Abi Ummi DW Sarmadi Palembang 2024-02-08T04:43:54+00:00 Sunirah Sunirah nirradean3112@gmail.com Umi Solekah nirradean3112@gmail.com Rini Herdiani nirradean3112@gmail.com <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>he technique of breastfeeding is a way that comply with health standards do not cause any side effects and are also useful. This research aims to know The Relationship of Nursing Techniques With Mastitis On The Post Partum Mother At Clinic Abi Ummi DW Sarmadi Palembang. The sample in this research totalled 20 respondent. Typeof this research is a survey of analytical methdods approach of cross sectional. The research been funded on 01-31 August 2022. Sampling techniques in the study using the technique of Accidental Sampling. The result of the analysis of post partum mother bivariat who perform nursing technique right with Genesis mastitis 1 person (8.3%), the correct breastfeeding technique with mastitis does not occur 11 people (91.7%). While the mother is breastfeeding technique that do partururition is wrong with the incidence of mastitis 2 people (25%), breastfeeding technique is wrong with events not happening mastitis 6 people (75%). The result of the rest statistic chi-square obtain p_value 0.701 &gt; 0.05 means that statistically there is no meaningful relationship between feeding technique with mastitis in Clinics Abi Ummi DW Sarmadi Palembang to other researchers who subsequently could use different methods and test reproduce samples research.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2024-02-08T04:43:40+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ojs.ukb.ac.id/index.php/Jk/article/view/745 Hubungan Pengetahuan Sikap Uang Saku dan Kelompok Teman Sebaya Terhadap Periaku Merokok 2024-02-12T04:49:52+00:00 Yossi Fitria Damayanti yossi_coga@yahoo.com Aan Hermawan anshermawan288@gmail.com Yasintha Muharrami Dwiani yasinthamd@gmail.com <p><span lang="id">Smoking has become a common thing among teenagers, which has an impact on teenagers' intelligence and learning abilities. Additionally, smoking also affects health, such as respiratory disorders, dental damage, and premature aging. This study was conducted at MAN 14 B East Jakarta with the aim of examining the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, allowance, and peer groups. The research design employed was a quantitative study with a cross-sectional approach. The primary data was collected using a questionnaire administered directly to the respondents. Out of 80 smoking students, it was found that 53.8% engaged in light smoking behavior, 22.5% engaged in moderate smoking behavior, and 23.8% engaged in heavy smoking behavior. In terms of knowledge, the highest value was found in low knowledge, with 35 students. In terms of attitudes, the highest value was found in negative attitudes, with 42 students. As for the allowance, 42 students had a high amount of allowance, and there were 44 students who were influenced negatively by peer groups. Based on the research findings, it can be concluded that there is a significant relationship between low knowledge (0.000), attitudes (0.015), allowance (0.003), and peer groups (0.000)with smoking behavior among male students in grades X and XI at MAN 14 B East Jakarta in 2023.</span></p> 2024-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ojs.ukb.ac.id/index.php/Jk/article/view/755 Analisis Deskriptif Pengetahuan Tentang Perubahan Fisik Pubertas Remaja Putri di Pondok Pesantren Alfalah Sofaniyah Kecamatan Songgom Kabupaten Brebes Tahun 2024 2024-02-14T06:05:39+00:00 Suci Utami suciutami@stikesbrebes.ac.id Pedvin Ratna Meikawati pedvinratna11@gmail.com Laeli Fitrokhatun Fajriyah laelifajri98@gmail.com <p style="font-weight: 400;"><em>Puberty</em> i<em>marks</em> i<em>the</em> i<em>transition</em> i<em>from</em> i<em>childhood</em> i<em>to</em> i<em>adolescence</em> i<em>accompanied</em> i<em>by</em> i<em>a</em> i<em>series</em> i<em>of</em> i<em>complex</em> i<em>physical,</em> i<em>cognitive</em>i<em>and</em> i<em>psychological</em> i<em>developmental</em> i<em>processes.</em> i<em>There</em> i<em>are</em> i<em>still</em> i<em>many</em> i<em>young</em> i<em>women</em> i<em>who</em> i<em>do</em> i<em>not</em> i<em>know</em> i<em>the</em> i<em>development</em> i<em>of</em>i<em>puberty.</em> i<em>Lack</em> i<em>of</em> i<em>knowledge</em> i<em>about</em> i<em>puberty</em> i<em>can</em> i<em>have</em> i<em>a</em> i<em>negative</em> i<em>impact</em> i<em>on</em> i<em>the</em> i<em>development</em> i<em>of</em> i<em>adolescent</em> i<em>girls.</em> i<em>This</em>i<em>type</em> i<em>of</em> i<em>research</em> i<em>uses</em> i<em>quantitative</em> i<em>descriptive</em> i<em>analysis</em> i<em>methods. The data collection process uses a questionnaire method with a Guttman scale. From the results of research on 39 research samples of adolescent girls at the Al Falah Sofwaniyah Jatirokeh Islamic Boarding School, the results showed that 25 girls (64%) had knowledge of puberty in the "Good" category. 11 children (28%) had knowledge of puberty in the "Enough" category. 3 children (8%) had knowledge of puberty in the "Poor" category. With these data it can be concluded that the majority of young women at the Al Falah Sofwaniyah Jatirokeh Islamic Boarding School have good knowledge about puberty.</em></p> 2024-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ojs.ukb.ac.id/index.php/Jk/article/view/760 Penatalaksanaan Teknik Radiografi Vertebrae Lumbosacral Pada Kasus Scoliosis di Rumah Sakit Islam Siti Khadijah Palembang 2024-02-15T01:18:14+00:00 Anisah Anisah icha.anisah12@gmail.com Putri Pangesti anggunputri550@gmail.com Tugiyanto Tugiyanto anggunputri550@gmail.com <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Scoliosis is a disorder that causes an abnormal curve of the spine. The purpose of this paper is to provide descriptive information about the management of the Lumbosacral Vertebrae radiographic technique in the case of Scoliosis, with the intention of knowing the radiographic techniques performed. The population in this study were all patients who examined Lumbosacral vertebrae who came to the Radiology Installation of the Islamic Hospital of Siti Khadijah Palembang, which was taken from one patient with Scoliosis in March. The radiographic technique for Lumbosacral examination is a projection of Posterior Antero (AP), the patient is in a supine position with both hands on the side of the body using the exposure factor Kv 80, mA 160 and Second 0, 250. In Lateral projection, the patient's position is directed in the Lateral position sideways on the examination table with the left side attached to the table using exposure factors kV 90, mA 200, and second 0.320. In patients with Scoliosis only use the AP position because it is at this position that the Cobb angle is visible. Radiographers provide correct direction to patients about the course of the examination so that it can produce an optimal picture.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2024-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##